Date: 3 months ago   Category: Economy

The convention on the Caspian Sea demands agreements on day and a subsoil, the expert - RIA Novosti, considers 8/15/2018


BRUSSELS, 15 Aug — RIA Novosti. The convention on the status of the Caspian Sea should be supplemented with agreements on differentiation of a bottom and a subsoil of a reservoir, the expert in the international marine law, professor of the Luvensky Catholic university Philip Gautier.© RIA Novosti / Alexey Nikolsky believes to Pass into an image bank About control of "caravan tracks". The main thing in the Caspian konventsiiv the Kazakhstan city of Aktau on August 12 there has taken place the meeting of leaders of Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Iran following the results of which the document, historical for the region — the convention on the status of the Caspian Sea has been signed, work on her was conducted 22 years. "The agreement – it is always good from that, the moment when there are general basic rules of cooperation. As far as I understand, now they have to be complemented with arrangements on day and a subsoil" — I have told RIA Novosti of Gautier. As for reference of the Caspian Sea to category "sea" or "lake", according to the expert, it represents importance as depending on the status "you receive concrete rules which are subject to application". "If legally it is about "sea", then the convention of the UN on marine law which represents the set of concrete rules and provisions is applicable. On the contrary, if to speak about "lake", then a little more free mode as it allows the countries neighbors to settle service conditions of resources, including gas and oil works here" — Gautier.© RIA Novosti / Alexey Nikolsky has told to Pass into an image bank "Practically revolution". The expert has estimated signing of the convention on Kaspiyuon has reminded that the State Parties of the convention of the UN on marine law from "the Caspian five" are Russia and Azerbaijan. According to the signed convention on the status of the Caspian Sea, the main area of a surface of the water of the Caspian Sea remains in general use of the parties, and the bottom and a subsoil are divided neighboring states into sites by agreement between them on the basis of international law. Navigation, fishery, scientific research and laying of the main pipelines are carried out by the rules agreed by the parties. At implementation of large-scale sea projects the ecological factor is without fail considered. The convention fixes the provision on prevention of presence on the Caspian Sea of armed forces of extraregional powers, defines five Caspian states responsible for maintenance of safety on the sea and management of his resources.© of RIA Novosti, Infographics the Caspian Sea

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