Date: 2 weeks ago   Category: Studies

Scientists from Europe have created the first real robots - "transformers" - RIA Novosti, 9/12/2017


Scientists from Europe have created the first real robots - "transformers" - RIA Novosti, 9/12/2017
MOSCOW, 12 Sep – RIA Novosti. The European engineers have created the first prototype of the robots similar on "transformers" from a series of animation movies of 1980, and capable to change the form, to be combined in larger structures and even to repair themselves, it is told in article, published in the Nature Communications magazine. "As a rule, the shape of a body of the robot is set at his development, and she remains to a constant throughout all time of his work. Also its is the same way suited "nervous system", and the robot even if he could have new extremities, could hardly learn to operate them. We have created "compound" nervous system which allows to solve these problems" — write Marco Dorigo from the Free university of Brussels (Belgium) and his colleagues. © Illustration of RIA Novosti. Alina Polyaninafiziki from the USA have created "nano-Pakmena", eating bacteria and cancer kletkimnogy animals, birds and fishes can unite in huge packs from several hundred or even thousands of individuals and execute complex "synchronized" maneuvers which any robot couldn't execute until recently. For the last five years scientists and engineers, leaning on wildlife secrets, have created tens of robots which can imitate some simplest forms of "collective" behavior of living beings. As marks out Dorigo, almost all similar robots can imitate only how "communicate" among themselves and together bacteria move that doesn't allow to use them for creation of the difficult cars consisting of a set of independent parts capable to make independent decisions. © Fotolia/Mopic the Russian scientists have created a neuronet with "human" a glazamiglavny problem of the similar "crowding" robots, according to the European scientists, the fact that their behavior one general brain, but not independent nervous systems actually operates is as at the real animals. It limited also the maximum number of cars in "swarm", and didn't allow scientists to make them more difficult and multipurpose. Dorigo and his colleagues could solve this problem, having divided swarm "brain" into parts and having created two types of robots – robots - "think-tanks" and robots - "workers". The first robots play a role of coordinators of operation of all other machines in a swarm, forcing "workers" to take concrete positions on the relation to each other and to stick together definitely. The second play a role of a body of the robot and bodies of his feelings allowing him to interact with the environment. From the point of view of a stuffing, all robots are identical, and any "worker" can become "brain" in any timepoint if that is demanded by a situation or scientists. As show the experiments made with swarms from several tens such cars, they can take any forms and unite in difficult figures, receiving only hints on their form from Dorigo and his colleagues. © RIA Novosti / Vladimir Trefilovkhimik: "the revolt of nanocars" doesn't threaten us still stoletiyepodobny behavior of cars as scientists note, has become possible thanks to big autonomy "workers

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